MAMMOTH FROM EASTERN SIBERIA
THE LAPTEV SEA, ARCTIC OCEAN
Mammoths are large herd animals belonging to the elephant family. Representatives of one of their varieties, called woolly mammoth (mammuthus primigenius), inhabited the Northern regions of Europe, Asia and North America, presumably in the period from 300 to 10 thousand years ago. Under favorable climatic conditions, they did not leave Canada and Siberia, and in severe times crossed the borders of modern China and the United States, fell into Central Europe and even Spain and Mexico. At that time, Siberia was inhabited by many other unusual animals, which paleontologists combined into a category called "mammoth fauna". In addition to the mammoth, it includes such animals as woolly rhinoceros, primeval bison, horse, tour, etc.
Many people mistakenly believe that woolly mammoths are the ancestors of modern elephants. In fact, both species simply have a common ancestor, and therefore a close relationship.
Mammoth is a giant animal whose height at the withers reached about 3.5-4.5 meters with an average weight of 5.5 tons, and the maximum – up to 8 tons! The weight of tusks in some individuals reached 135 kg each with a length of 3.5-4.5 meters. The length of the coat, consisting of hard hair and a thick soft undercoat, reached more than a meter. The thickness of the skin of a mammoth was almost 2 cm to 10-cm layer of subcutaneous fat together with wool served the giants a reliable protection from the cold.